What are the common symptoms associated with an exacerbation of COPD?

Assessment of Respiratory Status (graded)

Please review the video on the assignments page under the discussion section as it will provide you with an opportunity to immerse yourself in the role of a nurse addressing tobacco use during routine patient care. In doing so, reflect on what you have learned about tobacco use and the role that nurses and other interdisciplinary team members play in helping to assist tobacco users with quitting. While viewing, it is also important to keep in mind that tobacco users move through stages of change in the process of quitting. They move from pre-contemplation to contemplation, contemplation to preparation; preparation to abstinence; abstinence to maintenance. Every stage requires a different strategy by a nurse.

After watching the video, and reflecting on the information presented, address each of the following questions.

  1. What are the common symptoms associated with an exacerbation of COPD?
  2. What assessment techniques will you use to assess Mary?
  3. Identify smoking strategies that would be appropriate for each of the encounters that Mary had with the nurse throughout the video that could have been used to assist Mary in quitting smoking.
  4. Find a resource in your community that could assist Mary. Start by searching the Internet for your local health department’s website. What services are available to Mary? Briefly describe the services that the state quit line provides. Does it meet the 4 As? Is it accessible, acceptable, affordable, or available for Mary?
  5. What will you do to follow-up on Mary’s smoking cessation process?

How are prokaryotes important to humans? What role do they play?

Introduction

Biological oceanography is one of the most intriguing fields of oceanography. Many animals and plants in the ocean remain to be discovered. Marine biologists are just beginning to comprehend the ocean ecology, or relationships of the organisms with the ocean. Much marine biological research is focusing on how marine animals and plants interact with each other and the environment. The often involves a detailed knowledge of water chemistry and sometimes physical oceanography and marine geology as well as an understanding of basic biological processes.

The Captain’s Orders

Read the log book Taxonomy to learn about ocean productivity and marine life classification. You will need external resources to help you answer some of the questions below. Make sure you make a note where you got your information. Answer the questions and complete the following tasks using the log book and your internet ready computer.

Objectives

  • Investigate the relationship between productivity, net productivity and respiration.
  • Classify marine organisms according to the modified Linnean system of classification.

Task Questions

THE BEGINNING

  1. How old is the Earth?
  2. When did the first organisms exist; how long ago?
  3. How are prokaryotes important to humans? What role do they play?

KINGDOMS

  1. What is the size of the smallest organism in the ocean? What is the name of that organism?
  2. What is the size of the largest organisms in the ocean? What is the name of that organism?

PRODUCTIVITY

  1. What types of organisms account for 90% to 96% of the ocean’s primary productivity?
  2. What are the limiting factors for marine productivity?
  3. Where/when in the oceans is productivity high at the surface? Why?
  4. Where/when in the ocean is productivity low at the surface? Why?

 

Quiz Questions

THE BEGINNING

  1. The first organisms to exist on planet Earth were:

    A. eukaryotes B. prokaryotes

  2. Organisms with a nucleus:

    A. eukaryotes B. prokaryotes

  3. Organisms with sexual reproduction:

    A. eukaryotes B. prokaryotes

  4. Organisms with the highest oxygen needs:

    A. eukaryotes B. prokaryotes

KINGDOMS

  1. Which kingdom are prokaryotes?

    A. Animals B. Bacteria C. Fungi D. Plants E. Protozoa

  2. Which kingdom(s) are Eukaryotes?

    A. Animals B. Bacteria C. Fungi D. Plants E. Protozoa

  3. Which kingdom(s) are single-celled autotrophs?

    A. Animals B. Bacteria C. Fungi D. Plants E. Protozoa

  4. Which kingdom(s) are multi-celled autotrophs?

    A. Animals B. Bacteria C. Fungi D. Plants E. Protozoa

  5. Which kingdom(s) are multi-celled heterotrophs?

    A. Animals B. Bacteria C. Fungi D. Plants E. Protozoa

  6. Which kingdom contains both multi- and single-celled organisms?

    A. Animals B. Bacteria C. Fungi D. Plants E. Protozoa

  7. Organisms that live in or on the sea bottom are:

    A. benthos  B. nekton C. plankton

  8. Organisms that swim freely from one location to another are:

    A. benthos B. nekton C. plankton

  9. Salmon are:

    A. benthos B. nekton C. plankton

  10. Oysters and mussels are:

    A. benthos B. nekton C. plankton

  11. Sea cucumber are:

    A. benthos B. nekton C. plankton

  12. Whales are:

    A. benthos B. nekton C. plankton

  13. Jellyfish are:

    A. benthos B. nekton C. plankton

  14. Diatoms, coccolithophores, radiolarian, foraminifera are:

    A. benthos B. nekton C. plankton

PRODUCTIVITY

  1. Which of the following choices is most evolved?

    A. Bacteria B. Brown algae  C. Animals D. Red algae  E. Protozoa F. Plants

  2. Which of the following choices best describes Kelp?

    A. Bacteria B. Brown algae C. Green algae D.Animals E. Protozoa F. Plants

  3. Which of the following choices best describes roots and covered seeds?

    A. Bacteria B.Animals C. Green algae D. Red algae E. Protozoa F. Plants

  4. Which of the following choices best describes single-celled organisms:

    A. Bacteria B. Brown algae C. Green algae D.Animals E. Protozoa F. Plants

  5. The amount of sugar or food produced by autotrophs living in an area minus the amount they use up daily to supply their own respiration needs:

    A. gross primary productivity B. net primary productivity C. super primary productivity D. secondary productivity

Briefly explain why biologists use sampling, rather than counting all members of the population of interest.

1. Review the results from the sunflower random sampling activity. a.According to the random sampling method, how many sunflowers were in the plot? (2 points)b. According to the actual count, how many sunflowers were in the plot? (2 points)--Answer below:

2. Briefly explain why biologists use sampling, rather than counting all members of the population of interest. (5 points)--Answer below:

3. a. When using random sampling techniques, which type of dispersion is most effective? In other words, which dispersion model will give the most accurate estimation of population size? (2 points)b. Briefly explain why this would be the case. (4 points)--Answer below:

4. In a forest that measures 5 km by 5 km, a sample was taken to count the number of silver maple trees. The number of trees counted in the grid is shown above. The grids where the survey was taken were chosen randomly. Determine how many silver maple trees are in this forest using the random sampling technique. (5 points)--Answer below:

5. Refer to Part B of the procedure (population density).a. List the two locations visited for the procedure. (2 pts)b. Which location had the higher population density of weeds? (1 pts)c. Provide an explanation for why the location listed in question 5b had a higher population density of weeds. (2pts)
--Answer below:

6. What physical and biological factors control the population density of each type of plant in location 1? (5 points)--Answer below:

7. Returning to the exact same plot six months later, would the population densities of either plant change? Explain. (5 points)--Answer below:

8. What methods would be used to estimate animal populations? Why? (5 points)--Answer below:

9. From the yeast count activity, predict what the population count for yeast would be at 200 hours. Provide an explanation for the population count prediction (e.g. how did the student arrive at this count?) ( (5 points)--Answer below:

10. What is the name of the type of growth yeast exhibit? (5 points)--Answer below:

11. Is yeast an r-selected or K-selected species? (1 point)--Answer below:

12. List four factors yeast exhibit which are characteristic of the type of selection they exhibit (see response for Question 11 above). (4 points)a.b.c.d.e.--Answer below:

13. List five factors that influenced the population growth of the yeast in the container. Make sure to include factors with a negative and positive influence, if applicable. (5 points)a.b.c.d.e.--Answer below:

14. On day three, half of the yeast population was removed from the container and placed in a second container. An additional 2 grams of sugar were added to each container. Describe what the expected growth rate would be for each container. (5 points)--Answer below:

15. What is the general relationship between population growth and the increase or decrease of resource use? (5 points)--Answer below:

16. Give two examples of density-dependent limiting factors. (4 points)a.b.--Answer below:

17. Explain why population growth in the human population does not seem to be affected by limiting factors. (6 points)--Answer below:

18. (Application): How might the information gained from this lab pertaining to Population Ecology be useful to the student or how can the student apply this knowledge to everyday life as a non-scientist? (20 points)--Answer below

Describe the features created by glacial erosion that you might see in an area where valley glaciers recently existed. Explain how each feature forms

APA Format Two questions 200 words each

 

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

  1. Describe the features created by glacial erosion that you might see in an area where valley glaciers recently existed. Explain how each feature forms
  2. Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

 

 

2.

The Ural Mountains are about the same age as the Appalachian mountains of eastern North America. How does the theory of plate tectonics explain the existence of this mountain belt in the interior of an expansive continental landmass? Compare and contrast the formation of the Ural and Appalachian mountains, given their similar age.

 

Your response should be at least 200 words in length.

Attachments:

unitii.pdf

unitiii.pdf

Considering the albedo of various surfaces, how might temperatures differ between urban and rural areas?

Question 1  APA Format 200 words minimum

Volcanoes are generally not preserved in the geologic rock record because they are usually eroded away. However, the various materials erupted from volcanoes are often found preserved in the rock record. From what you have learned about the different principle types of volcanoes, how could you infer what type of volcano erupted in a given area based on the type of volcanic deposits now found as layers of rock? Give specific examples, and briefly discuss how some materials may be linked to different types of volcanoes.

Question 2 APA Format 200 words

VI

Considering the albedo of various surfaces, how might temperatures differ between urban and rural areas? Which setting tends to be warmer on a given day and why? Also, are there any factors other than albedo that might affect the temperature differences between the two settings?

Describe how a star forms and the different stages of a star’s life.

 

200 minimum APA format

 

#1

You awake one winter morning to snow falling. When you look out your window at noon, the snow had changed to rain, and later in the afternoon sleet was falling. This later turned to snow. As you are driving home from work, evening rain was freezing on bridges and roadways as glaze. Describe the vertical temperature strata for each type of precipitation and how such a sequence of precipitation might occur.

 

 

#2Describe how a star forms and the different stages of a star’s life. Describe the different fates of the different types of stars. What forces are opposing one another throughout the life of a star and how do they influence the various stages in the life cycle of a star? Reference NASA (2015b).

Describe how a star forms and the different stages of a star’s life. Describe the different fates of the different types of stars. What forces are opposing one another throughout the life of a star and how do they influence the various stages in the life cycle of a star? Reference NASA (2015b).

 

Attachments:

Differentiate between interviewing and interrogation.

In this assignment, you will explore how interrogation is different from interviewing.

Scenario:

You work as a psychology professional for a metropolitan police department. Your primary job is to screen police officers for employment and emotional stability. You make recommendations about their suitability for employment, conduct interviews with police officers to determine whether they should be referred for counseling, and monitor their performance by dialogues with their superiors. You are recognized for your skills as a clinician, and you are asked to participate with a team of interrogators so they may become more proficient in obtaining confessions from suspects.

Compare the relationship of a psychology professional working with a suspect as a client with the relationship of a psychology professional working as a consultant to an interrogator.

Tasks:

In a minimum of 300 words, respond to the following:

  • Part 1: Differentiate between interviewing and interrogation. What are the goals of interviewing and interrogation? In what instances would a psychology professional be involved in an interrogation?
  • Part 2: Identify a context and setting for a forensic psychology professional to be involved in an interrogation. What would be your concerns in taking on the role of or assisting that forensic psychology professional?
  • Part 3: Review the current version of the APA ethics code and the APA resolution on interrogations and identify an ethical principle that potentially conflicts with psychology professionals participating in interrogation. Discuss your choice in relation to the context and setting you identified in Part 2.

Use the current version of the APA ethics code; choose elements of the ethical principles to explore issues, such as “do not harm,” “informed consent,” “use of assessment techniques by unqualified persons,” and “resolving ethics code conflicts in an organization.” Explore the following issues in the context of the scenario above:

  • Who is a psychology professional’s client?
  • With whom does a psychology professional have a professional relationship?
  • Do psychology professionals have any professional (as opposed to “moral”) obligations to suspects?

Submission Details:

  • By Friday, March 24, 2017, post your responses to this Discussion Area.
  • Through Wednesday, March 29, 2017, respond to at least two of your classmates’ posts. While responding, compare the similarities and differences between what you have constructed and what your classmates have.

 

 

Attachments:

course_review.docx

module_1.docx

interviewing_vs_interrogating.docx

what_will_you_gain_from_this_course.docx

specialized_interviewing_techniques.docx

interrogation.docx

interrogation_-_legal_and_ethical_aspects.docx

conclusion.docx

overview_of_ras.docx

What are the classical, empirical, and subjective approaches to probability, and when is it appropriate to use each approach?

FIRST POST HA

 

Probability is a numerical value that describes the chance that something will happen. Probability can be expressed as a decimal, fraction, or whole number. There are three types of probability including: classical, empirical, and subjective. The classical and empirical probabilities are objective approaches. (Lind, Marchal, & Wathen, 2015)

 

Classical probability is based on the assumption that the outcomes of an experiment are equally likely. The probability of an event is found by dividing the number of favorable outcomes by the number of possible outcomes. It is only appropriate to use classical probability when all events are equally likely. A business example would be that there are seven males and three females that are interviewing to work at your same place of employment. The probability of your boss choosing a female is 3/10 or .3. (Lind, Marchal, & Wathen, 2015)

 

Empirical probability is based on the number of times an event occurs as a proportion of a known number of trials. Empirical probability is found by deciding the number of times the event occurs by the total number of observations. Empirical probability should be used to determine future events. (Lind, Marchal, & Wathen, 2015) For example, your research indicates that seventy-five out of one hundred small businesses fail within their first year. You can conclude that 75/100 or 3/4 of small business fail within one year. Therefore, you should make smart business decisions so that you do not fail as well. (Writer, 2013)

 

Subjective probability is when there is little or no experience or information on which to base a probability. There is no mathematical equation to calculate subjective probability. Subjective probability should be used for estimations based on your beliefs or feelings. For example, you can estimate the likelihood that your business will profit 10% more in 2017 than it did in 2016. (Lind, Marchal, & Wathen, 2015)

 

 

 

 

 

Lind, D. A., Marchal, W. G., & Wathen, S. A. (2015). Statistical techniques in business & economics. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

 

Writer, L. G. (2011, October 13). What Is the Importance of Probability Rules in a Business? Retrieved March 20, 2017, from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/importance-probability-rules-business-31263.html.

 

 

SECOND REPLY AS

What are the classical, empirical, and subjective approaches to probability, and when is it appropriate to use each approach? Give business examples to support the different parts of your answer.

 

Even though there are different approaches to probability such as the ones listed in the topic question.  I do feel it is important to know what probability is.  The book states that probability is a value between zero and one, inclusive, describing the relative possibility an event will occur (Lind, Marchal, & Wathen, 2015). Some important terms that are associated with probability are experiment, outcome and event.  Experiment is process that leads to the occurrence of one and only one of several possible outcomes while the outcome is a particular result of an experiment.  An event is a collection of one or more outcomes of an experiment. (Lind, Marchal, & Wathen, 2015).

 

The classical approach to probability based on an assumption that the outcomes of the experiment are equally likely (Lind, Marchal, & Wathen, 2015).  When using this approach, you divide the number of favorable outcomes by the number of possible outcomes.  Business use the classical approach when they do not know the likelihood of certain events.  For example, if a business is making a decision that has X amount of outcomes that are equally likely, even though they are not affected by the number of times you try.  You can cut the number in half with the classical approach (Chrone).  The book gives us the example that this approach is appropriate when used for lotteries and finding out the probability of winning when picking X amount of numbers (Lind, Marchal, & Wathen, 2015).

 

Empirical probability is the probability of an event happening is the fraction of the time similar events have happened in the past.  Solving this approach requires taking the number of times the event has occurred and dividing it by the total number of observations (Lind, Marchal, & Wathen, 2015). This event is based on what is called the “law of large numbers”.  Empirical probability is closely related to relative frequency.  Therefore, this approach has been used with the capital asset pricing model even though the results turn our slightly mixed (Investopedia).  One of the best examples for empirical probability is tossing a coin in the air.  This approach will help determine the relative frequency of the coin landing on heads or tails (Lind, Marchal, & Wathen, 2015).

 

The third and final approach is subjective probability.  Subjective probability is the likelihood of a particular event happening that is assigned by an individual based on whatever information is available.  Examples for this approach include outcomes of sporting events, automobile accidents and for cuts or gaines in the U.S. economy (Lind, Marchal, & Wathen, 2015).

 

 

 

References:

 

Lind, D.A., Marchal, W.G., & Wathen, S.A. (2015). Statistical Techniques in Business and Economics. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

 

 

 

Staff, I. (2007, May 28). Empirical Probability. Retrieved March 21, 2017, from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/e/empiricalprobability.asp

 

 

 

 

Writer, L. G. (2011, October 13). What Is the Importance of Probability Rules in a Business? Retrieved March 21, 2017, from http://smallbusiness.chron.com/importance-probability-rules-business-31263.html

Write a paper of 1,000–1,200 words that compares and contrasts the competing visions of health care administration among stakeholders, identifies the areas where they conflict, and discusses how those conflicts could be seen in the delivery system.

1) Write a paper of 1,000–1,200 words that compares and contrasts the competing visions of health care administration among stakeholders, identifies the areas where they conflict, and discusses how those conflicts could be seen in the delivery system.

2) Refer to the assigned readings to incorporate specific examples and details into your paper.

3) Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

Describe a foreign investment regulation in each of those countries.

3 power point slides with script notes

 

Individual nations may have both written and unwritten policies regarding the regulation of investment in the country by foreign businesses. A foreign investor, first of all, must show that its proposed investment meets the criteria of the host state’s foreign investment law. That does not, however, end the process of qualifying to make a foreign investment in some countries. Some countries also require that the foreign investor comply with the unstated rules, typically referred to as the operational investment code of the government authority that regulates investment in that nation.

Akosua and Isabella have developed a strategic business plan for Pharma Heal Corporation to locate production facilities; distribution networks; and delivery assistance for the manufacture, distribution, and delivery of generic HIV treatment drugs for the following country:

  • Thailand

Before moving forward with the play, they have asked you, their expert business consulting team, to advise them on the regulatory climate for foreign investment in each of these countries.  Akosua and Isabella intend to use your consulting team’s material at a board of directors’ meeting. They have therefore asked your team to prepare a script that does the following:

  • Describe a foreign investment regulation in each of those countries.
  • Evaluate whether each country’s regulatory approach poses any particular challenges for Pharma Heal Corporation’s business plan in that country.
  • Propose a specific action plan for addressing each challenge so that Pharma Heal Corporation’s investment can go forward in an environment where the risks posed by the particular challenges have been minimized.

Choose five from the following list of topics to address in your discussion of each country’s regulation of foreign investment and the effect on Pharma Heal Corporation’s business plan.

  • Openness to foreign investment
  • Conversion and transfer policies
  • Expropriation and compensation
  • Dispute settlement
  • Performance requirements and incentives
  • Right to private ownership and establishment
  • Protection of property rights
  • Transparency of regulatory system
  • Foreign trade zones/free ports