Delivery of a Short Speech: A Rhetorical Analysis





Delivery of a Short Speech: A Rhetorical Analysis

Most of the time, students are asked to deliver short speeches on certain matters or topics, which are provided by the professor, in front of the class. As this is a course requirement, students consider it as a special and crucial part of their learning. Nonetheless, there are different factors that hinder the student to carry out this activity at his or her best. With this on hand, the paper presents a personal experience related to speaking in the classroom, which will then be assessed in terms of the effectiveness of the action.

 The Role of the Communicator

The role of the communicator was to compose a short speech that would persuade the audience that it is necessary to legalize euthanasia. Aside from persuading the audience, another important role of the communicator was to present factual and reliable evidences that support or negates the said argument. In this case, the audience will be given the freedom to choose what side they think is more effective.

The Audience

The audience of the speaker was the students, teachers, and the public. Also, the speaker always made it a point that, during the time the speech was delivered, to focus on the audience who disagrees in legalizing euthanasia. These are the audience who needs sound and reliable proof in order to let them accept or agree on the stand of the speaker.

The Purpose

The main purpose of the short speech was to persuade the audience in the light of the importance of the legalization of euthanasia. Also, another purpose of the speech was to present the necessary information about euthanasia, wherein the positive and negative effects were presented in order to cater for both supporters and non-supporters of the legalization of euthanasia.

The Context

The necessity to persuade the listeners or audience in the need to legalize euthanasia was important because there have been many cases and reports that terminally ill patients prefer dying than prolonging their agony. Also, the ability to persuade the audience was important because there are healthcare providers, healthcare professionals, and researchers who consider the positive effects of legalizing euthanasia. Nonetheless, the disadvantages of legalizing such law also have negative effects not only to patients and his or her family, but also the community and laws.


In analyzing the speech given by the student, it can be inferred that the communicator has made an extensive research about the topic assigned to the student. This may be because the student considers that this classroom activity was an important part of the course. In the topic of legalizing euthanasia, the student identified the role of the communicator as not only the vessel to persuade the audience on the said topic, but also the student considered the importance of the speaker as a source of positive and negative information about the legalization of euthanasia. The student was able to identify that, even though it was necessary for the speech to be persuasive, it was still important that the audience are given the freedom to decide on what ground they will support.

During the delivery of the short speech, the communicator did not only speak for students, and the teacher present inside the class, the student also considered the outsiders or the public audience. This is a positive point for the student because it is truly important to consider that the audience varies along with their opinions. That is why considering a wider or a heterogeneous audience is important, especially when preparing for the speech, in order for the communicator to address all the possible issues of the audience.

In line with the purpose of the student, it was identified that the primary purpose of the student was not only to persuade the audience, but also the student identified the importance of presenting factual evidences to support the stand of the importance of the topic. This is commendable, but the student should have also cited real-life situations and experiences about the need to legalize euthanasia. It could be that the student could have conducted a short interview on patients who prefer to undergo euthanasia rather than being sick for the rest of their lives. It is also a positive note that the student did not only focus in delivering the advantages that legalization of euthanasia may deliver. Nonetheless, it would have been also good for the speech if certain negative cases or real-life situations were cited. This could have included the negative effects legal euthanasia had brought to families who preferred the procedure. In this way, the supporters of the legalization of the action will also have a light on the negative effects of euthanasia. In addition, as the primary audience of the speaker were students, it could have been also good if the speaker included his or personal experience or the experience of a fellow student about the possible legalization of euthanasia.

In relation to the context of the speech of the student, the student cited that there have been cases that euthanasia was deemed necessary by patients who have been suffering of terminal illnesses. This could have been a strong point of the case if the student presented statistics on the number or percentage of terminally ill patients who wants to undergo the process. This statistical data will then be compared to those patients who are terminally ill but do not want to undergo euthanasia. In this way, the audience, even the communicator, will have a realistic approach on the necessity for euthanasia to be legalized. In addition, to present a realistic approach of the necessity for euthanasia to be legalized, the communicator should have included the medical opinion of healthcare professionals or providers in the advantages and disadvantages of the topic. This information could have been useful especially if these reliable individuals supported the legalization of euthanasia because of substantial medical grounds.

In conclusion, it is implied that the student wanted to deliver a persuasive but also fair speech. This is commendable as it is important to be fair and objective when one is to deliver a speech that involves a technical and sensitive topic. However, the student should have made use of the objectivity of speech in terms of including important statistical data to support the argument. Additionally, personal experiences or interviews would have also played a vital role in the speech of the student. With this, there are essential parts of the speech that was not given due attention by the speaker. However, these points are made for the student to improve on future speaking engagements. The important part is that the student was objective in speech and did not focus on the advantages of the topic, but the student allowed the audience to decide for themselves.