The primary tasks of early childhood include: developing better coordinated gross motor skills, acquiring social skills to enhance relationships, and achieving immense growth in cognitive abilities and expressive language skills. Erikson identifies two crises that children face in early childhood, that of “autonomy versus doubt” for toddlers (2-3 years) and “initiative versus guilt” for older preschool children (3-5 years).
1. In a document on your computer, write a 1 page essay addressing the following topics:
For each of Erikson’s crises, create an example of a child who masters and fails to master their crisis. Your examples should be related to the primary tasks of early childhood.
a. Mastering “autonomy versus doubt”:
b. Failing to master “autonomy versus doubt”:
c. Mastering “initiative versus guilt”:
d. Failing to master “initiative versus guilt”: