Students are required to write one essay between 1900 and 2100 words. Penalties will only be imposed if you exceed the upper figure in the range. There is no penalty for using fewer words than the lower figure in
the range: the lower figure is simply for your guidance to indicate the sort of length that is expected. Initial reading should be sought from the basic readings, while case studies should be drawn with reference to published excavations and other studies which can be found in the many online and printed archaeological journals in the Institute’s library. Use primary data as much as possible and not general reference works. The expected learning outcomes are that students will acquire a detailed critical knowledge of a core aspect of the discipline of archaeology. They will familiarize themselves with archaeological literature and its dissemination and be able to assemble a structured argument based upon evidence and with logically drawn conclusions.
The essay question:
Give three examples of site or object preservation in extreme cold, wet, or dry environments. Describe what these conditions preserve and the advantages/disadvantages that gives archaeologists.
Greene, K. 2010 Archaeology: An Introduction. London: Routledge (a useful basic introduction to the subject)
Renfrew, C. and Bahn, P. 2008 (7th edition) Archaeology, Theories, Methods, and Practice.London: Thames and Hudson (Chapter 2, pages 55-72)
See also, The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration and the Journal of Field Archaeology (online reading)
A series of useful case studies can be found in:
Brothwell, D. 1987 The bog man and the archaeology of people. New Haven: Harvard University Press
Carver, M. O. H. 2009 Archaeological Investigation. London: Routledge (Chapter 7)
Pulak, Cemal. 1998. The Uluburun Shipwreck: An Overview. The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 27(3): 188-224.
Vanzetti, A., Vidale, M., Gallinaro, M., Frayer, D. W. and Bondioli, L. 2010 ‘The Ice Man as a burial’, Antiquity 84, 681-92
A detailed discussion:
Schiffer, M. 1996 Formation Processes of the Archaeological Record. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press
For the essensial reading: Archaeology: An Introduction. Ihave to give you my account and password to sign in. Another essensial reading I will scan it as PDF upload it later, same as the case studies. and 2 case studies I attached below.
If you have any issue with the essay, please kindly communicate with me. Please be careful about the online sourses, some of them might not been published and unreliable. Focus more on the reading I provided.