Use of Metaphors in Kate Chopin’s stories





Use of Metaphors in Kate Chopin’s stories

Metaphors are a common feature in Kate Chopin’s stories. She constantly uses metaphorical language to describe the emotions of her characters. In fact, readers often look forward to reading Chopin’s stories because of her clever use of imagery. For example, she uses the landscape and the weather as metaphors to reflect the attitudes and feelings of the characters. This is evident in the short stories, ‘Story of an Hour’ and ‘The Storm’.

In ‘Story of an Hour’, Louise is a woman who feels entrapped in her marriage. Although she loves her husband, she does not feel happy. One day, she receives news that her husband is dead. Like any good wife who has just received news of her spouse’s death, Louise pretends to be mourning and locks herself in her bedroom. She walks to the window and starts thinking about the news that she has received. Louise looks out of the window and observes the landscape before her. She notices the blue sky and she feels a sense of elation. More so, the singing birds and the fluffy clouds match the feelings that Louise experiences. The landscape, which is full of life, represents the life ahead of her. At on point she smells an upcoming storm in the distance. The impending storm represents the impending changes in her life. When she turns away from the window and the landscape, she also turns away from her newfound freedom that is cut short by the arrival of her husband whom she had thought was dead.

The storm also uses the weather as a strong metaphor. A storm begins when Calixta is alone in the house and her husband and son had gone out to the stores. She is engrossed in her knitting and does not realize that there is an impending storm. A friend and past lover Alicee rides up and helps her gather the dry clothes from the cloth lines. She then invites him to the house. Alicee holds her closely as lighting strikes a chinaberry tree. This symbolizes that an outside force has struck their lives and marriages. The rain brings passionate feelings with it as the couple remembers their past with nostalgia. Their emotions continue to build up as the storm outside intensifies and Calixta and Alicee end up having an affair. The brief affair ends when the storm ends.

Robert Frost’s ‘Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening’

The speaker of the poem is one man who is riding in the woods. The beauty and natural feel of the woods tempt him to linger in the woods for long but he cannot do so because of the numerous obligations that await him. He says, but I have promises to keep/ And miles to go before I sleep (Lines 14 and 15).

The poet chooses his words carefully and artistically. He uses words like ‘deep’ and ‘dark’ to represent the mystery of the woods. The woods also have a very strong connotative meaning. This is because woods in literature often represent a period of confusion and lack of clarity in someone’s life. The persona rides through the woods but does not experience the eerie feeling associated with woods. On the contrary, the persona is attracted to the deep dark woods. This choice of words helps create a longing tone in the poem.

The poet uses figurative language in the poem. In line 12 the poet uses personification in referring to the wind. Personification is a style that writers use to give human qualities to lifeless things. The persona says that the wind is ‘easy’ a character associated with humans.

The poet has also used allusion in the poem. Allusion refers to the aspect of referring to another person’s work while writing an original piece. In this poem, Frost alludes to Dante’s ‘Inferno’.  In his book, Dante refers to dark woods as a stopping point during his pilgrimage. Frost alludes to this woods as told in Dante’s inferno. This allusion helps build the theme of sobriety and darkness in the poem.

The poem has a regular rhyme scheme (four rhyming lines in a stanza). The scheme follows a pattern of aaba bbcb ccdc dddd. There is a break in the rhyme in every stanza. For example, the b in stanza one breaks the aaa rhyme, the c in stanza two breaks the bbb rhyme and so forth. The last stanza does not follow the prescribed rhyming pattern although it maintains a constant rhyme scheme of dddd throughout the four lines.

The poem is structured into stanza with rhyming quatrains. Analysts have associated this structure as an allusion to Dante’s work. Frost tried to bring in Dante’s rhyme scheme and structure into this poem. This Dante scheme also builds the poems depth and intensity.


Stereotypes Presented in Los Vendidos.

Indeed, the playwright in Los Vendidos takes the readers through a journey of mystery concerning the narrator of the story. He does not make it obvious there lacks a narrator in the play. Rather, he allows the reader to build on an illusion of a false narrator. Throughout the play, the writer exposes various stereotypes and gives the reader a chance to associate with these stereotypes. At the end of the play, one feels as if the writer was asking everyone to examine their souls and their thoughts about these stereotypes.

For instance, the playwright Luis Valdez, exposes a common stereotype in the Mexican community. He uses a character named Honest Sancho who is a shopkeeper at a local curio shop to expose the stereotypes associated with Mexicans. A buyer who comes to buy a Mexican puppet describes that she wants a hardworking but sophisticated American made Mexican puppet. She does not want an original Mexican puppet because they were associated with laziness, violence, robbery and all other foul things associated with immigrants.

Valdez also uses characters in the play to represent Mexican stereotypes. For example, the farm worker represents the entire community of Mexicans in the United States most of whom found work in people’s farms and plantations. The gangster Johnny Pachuco also represents the stereotypes that all Mexicans are thieves who prefer to steal rather than work hard to earn a living. He is a character who represents the common stereotype that people have on Mexicans. There is also the stereotype of the Mexican cowboy represented by Revolucinario, a character who rides horses and wears cowboy hats just like the image that people have of the cowboy Mexicans.

The playwright makes this play an informative one. He also teaches lessons regarding some core aspects of life. His portrayal of different stereotypes is a bold move that is meant to purge the readers off the mentality of stereotyping not only Mexicans but also any other group of people that is considered to be a minority group.


Discussion Topic #6

Dan and Roseanne have been together for years. Their relationship has several aspects that are questionable. On one hand, Rosanne is too strict on the children. This makes it hard for Dan who is a calm and easy person. Therefore, their interaction has been affected by their view of life. This couple seems normal in the eye of the community. However, some issues within their relationship continue to shroud their interaction.

Dan’s and Roseanne’s parenting skills have been highly informed by their own parents and past. Although they are living in a modern world, their general overview to parenting is different from that of other people. Roseanne admits feeling guilty about the way they treat their children. She notes that hitting her son made her felt bad. If this was done in the past, it would have had no impact on her. Therefore, it can be concluded that the society has forced these parents to conform to parenting skills that they did not believe in as they bring up their children. According to Rapping, society has really changed and many are forced to do things they do not believe in. this situation s seen in the way Dan and Roseanne run their parenting affairs.

Although Roseanne has confessed to yelling to the children, she does not celebrate it. She notes that confronting children harshly is not only wrong but also psychologically traumatizing to the children. However, it can be noted that she is not alone; most of American prents do this behind closed doors. Given this, we cannot conclude what the conventional method for bringing up children is in America is.

Apart from parenting, this show has been weighing in on the economic and social issues in the country. The show has been vital in exposing what is happening within the economic realms. There has been enough evidence provided on matters economics as well as social. The host has provided realistic details and explanations to the matters at hand. Moreover, the host has been drawing comparisons to past shows dealing with similar social issues. This proves that the show presents an in-depth analysis to issues.

Discussion topic #8

Quality Production

Although Connie was young and innocent, her portrayal brings out a different aspect about her. Connie is a young child who will do anything to attract attention. Having been neglected by her parents, she goes out of her way to seek attention from the world. She dresses like a teenager although she is a minor. Moreover, she looks mature due to the makeup and the clothes she puts on. In addition, she throws suggestive glances at Arnold. This makes her appear sly and mischievous. In the end, what happens to her seems inevitable as it looks like she had prompted it all. The writer had used facial expressions, dressing, and body language as a bait to Connie’s demise.

In rewriting this movie, there are changes in her appearance and dressing that I can change. Giving her a chance to look like a teenager has contributed to what befalls Connie towards the end. Therefore, I would have used less provocative clothing in the production. Moreover, I would ensure that he looks her age. Looking like a teenager has also distorted the entire meaning of the production. Her face should also remain young and devoid of adult make up. A young face can call for pity and consideration; moreover, it will be easy to judge Arnold for defiling a child if the looks and appearances were reflective of her tenderness.


Discussion topic #8

A New Reality

When I read ‘Araby’ I could not help smiling at the whole idea behind the story. The story is a story of disillusionment. I could easily identify with the story at a personal level. You see, just like Joyce, I once lived in an idealistic environment surrounded by a bunch of idealistic friends. I guess the absence of reality is not a strange thing in a child’s world. I particularly had an over creative mind. While this proved to be a good thing when it came to class work, it did not help my existence in the perpetual world of fiction. My little rosy glasses that I viewed the world from were broken in a similar fashion as the narrator in the short story.

Growing up, I was surrounded by a huge family. Besides my parents and two siblings, my uncles and aunties usually came over occasionally. Every Sunday we have a full family dinner in either of my relative’s houses. At one time, I had an aunty who was expectant with her first baby. The first announcement about her expected baby was made on a lazy Sunday afternoon as we all lazed in her balcony after a heavy meal. She stood smiling ear to ear and announced that she would be having a baby. This announcement was met with screams of delight and hugs of congratulations from my excited relatives. All this time I stood perplexed wondering why there was much fuss about a baby. Anyway, I stood there, feeling ignored as I watched the flurry of activities going on around my aunty.

Come Monday morning I told my best friend about the little episode. He smiled mischievously while I looked at him sheepishly. After all, all babies were shopped at the market or something like that. My friend looked at me as if I was the most foolish person he had ever seen. He then proceeded to laugh until he rolled on the ground. Only after teasing me enough did he tell me that he knew where babies came from. He also told me that babies never came from the baby market. To prove that he was right, he gave me a theory about baby making that made my blush until my ears turned red. I could easily believe my friend because his mother was a midwife and she often made home deliveries. To settle my doubts though, we decided to sneak and watch the next delivery.

My friend easily identified the house where his mother had been called on urgent duty. We then snuck up to the house and I had my first experience of watching a woman ‘give life’ as my father would have called it. I could not believe how stupid I was all along. After my newly acquired knowledge, I found myself chuckling every time I saw my aunty and uncle. No one quite knew why I kept blushing when I saw her bulging stomach. Thanks to my over imaginative mind, I kept remembering the theory about how she might have gotten to that point and this made me laugh a deep laugh that was projected as a knowing smile.