Write in academic style, and include a suitable number of relevant, well-chosen quotations from the literature (academic books and articles).

Write a 1200-word individual essay based on one of the topics given below. You must write in academic style, and include a suitable number of relevant, well-chosen quotations from the literature (academic books and articles). Your need to include a reference list and a word count (excluding the reference list) at the end.

Topic 4: Varieties of English

A Hong Kong student who is going abroad for an immersion semester finds that she has been assigned to study in Australia instead of in the UK. She is very upset, as she thinks that in Australia people speak poor English with a bad accent, but in the UK people all speak pure, standard British English, which she believes is the best spoken model of English. She always dreams of being able to speak like the Queen. She goes to see the academic advisor in her university, and breaks into tears, begging that arrangements can be made so that she can go to the UK instead of Australia. She claims that if she goes to Australia, she will refuse to learn English from the local Australians, as she does not want to learn ‘impure’ English.

You are the assistant of the academic advisor. She would like you to write a 1200-word academic article discussing the above case, and plans to have the article published in the University’s local journal ‘Language Issues’, so that other students can be informed about the correct attitude towards different varieties of English.

You should first come up with a title for your article, and in the article, you should:

provide a brief introduction to the concept of ‘World Englishes’, emphasizing that attitude towards different varieties of English has always been an emotive issue, and it has significant impact on language learners and even education policy makers;
offer a detailed analysis of how varieties of English within the same country and across different countries differ in terms of pronunciation, spelling and grammar. Give examples where appropriate;
discuss the criteria for deciding what spoken model of English should be learned and taught in different contexts, and whether discrimination against certain varieties is appropriate or not;
conclude the article briefly.

Recommended Readings:
Crystal, D. (2003). The Cambridge Encyclopaedia of the English Language. Cambridge: C.U.P.
Kachru, B. B. (1985). Standards, codification and sociolinguistic realism: the English language in the Outer Circle. In R. Quirk & H.G. Widdowson. (Eds.), English in the world: teaching and learning the language and literatures (pp. 11-30). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kachru, B. B. (1992). The other tongue: English across cultures (2nd ed.). Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Kirkpatrick, A. (2007). World Englishes. Cambridge University Press
Kirkpatrick, A., & Xu, Z. (2002). Chinese pragmatic norms and ‘China English’. World Englishes, 21(2), 269–279.
McArthur, T. (2002). Oxford Guide to World English. New York: Oxford University Press
Saraceni, M. (2015). World Englishes: A Critical Analysis. London: Bloomsbury.
Wang, L. (2011). Introduction to Language Studies. Singapore: Pearson Custom Publishing.