Following the oppression of the “Dark Ages,” people of the Renaissance saw the rise of secularism, humanism and hedonism. How do Renaissance madrigals illustrate this shift in philosophy? Please discuss polyphony, typical topics found in madrigal texts, and the use of vernacular language.
Mozart and the Enlightenment
Before the Enlightenment, most composers were supported by the patronage system. That is, they were employed either by the church or the aristocracy. During his later years in Vienna, Mozart became one of the first freelance composers. What aspects of his social surroundings allowed for his entrepreneurship and how were these aspects different from the conditions of past eras? In your discussion, you should include Enlightenment philosophy, the rise of the middle class, and the emergence of public concerts.
Please, use the textbook “The world of music” by David Willoughby